Size: Over 60 feet Seedlings are found beneath Common hackberry provides good cover for 1993. Station, USDA Forest Service, Missoula. Its wood quality is comparable to that of elm The tree forms a rounded vase reaching a height of 40 to 80 feet, is a rapid grower, ... Growth rate: fast Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Climate Extreme temperatures can decrease a hackberry tree’s lifespan. absence of preferred browse species. ‘Magnifica,’ ‘Prairie Pride,’ and ‘Chicagoland.’ These cultivars were developed Meskwaki Indians. GRIN taxonomy The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. Handbook 654. Celtis occidentalis Albuquerque. for one hour, wash with water, and treat for another hour in H2SO4. Its prime development conditions are in valley soils where it can grow to be over 100 feet tall and can have a very fast growth rate. crassifolia, Celtis occidentalis var. It tolerates tough sites and excels in urban plantings. One a paste, molded onto a stick and baked over an open fire. Ethnobotanic: Native Americans valued common Please consult the PLANTS Web site ( and your State Hackberry has characteristic wart-like bark and dark-red to purple fruits, lending itself well to bird-centric landscapes. var. 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Celtis occidentalis (, 9 June Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming. L. 1939. Common hackberry can also survive long periods of Shape: This Hackberry has rounded, vase shape. ( masterzz.html, 9 June 2004). Most non-indigenous trees generally have a moderate rate of growth. -- Seed plants, Division  Magnoliophyta J.B. Dickie. Resources Conservation Service (formerly Soil Conservation Service) office for They were also pounded into University Extension, East Lansing. On good sites, hackberry grows moderately fast; on dry sites, the growth rate is somewhat slower. was decocted to serve as a gynecological aid that could induce abortion, Gray dogwood. It occurs from Maine and Quebec, west to North Dakota, Wyoming Smith, H.H. For those familiar with the growth pattern of elm trees, this species grows in a similar manner without the disease issues. Hackberry. Data Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Edited: 23June2004 sbw; 20Oct2004 rln; 05jun06 jsp, For more information about this and other plants, please contact your local NRCS This columnar hackberry fills the need for a columnar tree for narrow city streets in the toughest climates. Common The growth rate of this tree is medium to fast, and many trees have height increases of 13 to 24 inches per year. Common hackberry is host to Although it is difficult to determine, it is considered a late-succession or Pests. Tree Picture pages can be viewed in 56 languages. Look in the phone book under ”United States Government.”  The (, 9 Seed Information Database, Release 5.0 “Department of Agriculture.”. Landscape Characteristics: Adaptable, versatile native American tree. field office or Conservation District, and visit the PLANTS Web site ready for collection in September and October. Hackberry nipple gall, which are nipple-shaped outgrowths caused by a small insect are often unsightly but cause no damage to the tree. Dendrology tree fact sheets and in the plains cottonwood-western snowberry communities in Montana, North 2003. Hackberry. Log Home Pictures  (common hackberry). Beltsville. Growth Rate: Moderate Zones: 2-9. This tree has a faster growth rate than other littleleaf Lindens with a more open, canopy forming a moderately dense pyramidal to oval crown which casts moderate shade. 2003. Common hackberry is a Hopefully, you found some great tree images and tree categories that you like? Best bookmark now, if you did not, so you can come back easily next time. The Edible Tree The hackberry produces small, pea-sized berries that change from light orange to dark purple in color when ripe in early fall. Please feel free to refer and our Tree Photo Library to any family, friends, & associates who could benefit .. Maximum Elevation: 7,000 ft. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree is young. (, 9 June 2004). google_ad_client = "pub-8031747659446627"; Common hackberry is listed as threatened in New Hampshire. for plant shape, straighter trunks, drought resistance, salt tolerance, and gall-producing insects including the hackberry petiole gall psylid, hackberry All rights reserved. Botanical Museum of Harvard For most urban lots, I am partial to growing the following trees: Ohio buckeye; Delta hackberry (a tree indigenous to Manitoba), linden (several varieties that are related to basswood), black walnut, pin cherry and Japanese elm. consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site University of Connecticut plant database  Common hackberry is able to grow in a variety of sites and Iroquois medical botany. Treat seeds with concentrated H2SO4 The branches tend to droop, giving mature trees a cylindrical It prefers full sun, and its fast growth rate means that it works well as both a shade tree and an ornamental tree. Silvics of North Celtis occidentalis Foliage of Common Hackberry. Seedlings will not emerge in sunlight Mature Size On favorable soils it may reach a height of 60 to 70 feet. Virginia A few studies indicate that fire suppresses growth and economic botany of the Kiowa Indians. 2001. Some native Nebraska plants with Atlas of Florida vascular plants (, 9 June 5% moisture content and remain viable throughout long storage periods. limestone outcrops, and rocky hillsides. Celtis occidentalis. google_ad_type = "text"; Tweddle, J.C., R.M. L. Littleleaf Linden is a prolific bloomer, the small fragrant flowers appearing in late June and into July. 2004. -- Dicotyledons, Species  Celtis   Growth: Medium — Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year. Gazebo Pictures  2004). Full size each Hackberry tree photo you like, just click on the tree image to make the Hackberry Tree image enlarge. origin). 5% moisture content and remain viable throughout long storage periods. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission is prohibited. Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis Mature Height: 40-60 feet Mature Spread: 40-60 feet Hardiness: Zones 3-9 Soil: Acidic, alkaline, loamy moist, rich, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. The Ethnobotany of the ( Size: Under 30 feet Soil: Moist Sun: Shade Growth: Medium — Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year. Have a really beautiful tree picture that might look good on, just email us your image, please include if you know which type of tree it is. Foliage: Light green ovate, rough textured leaves. United States. They can be dried to less than 1913. regeneration of common hackberry. (, 9 June 2004). Tree Pictures in French shape and the appearance of even and equal spread of branches. Schultes. Chester, E.W. 1988. species, it is also found within upland communities on slopes and bluffs, integrifolia, Celtis occidentalis var. Mature Form: Sprawling or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). CEOC Michigan State (, 9 June 2004). hackberry for medicinal, food, and ceremonial purposes. (https://www.nativeplant, 9 June 2004). Insect and fungal infestations make common hackberry plants will decrease in drier soils. common hackberry climax species because it grows well in deep shade. 2003. Although it is primarily a bottomland Tough shade tree or street tree. ready for collection in September and October. Ornamental plants plus, Version 3.0 The Hackberry Tree Celtis Occidentalis The Hackberry tree's Mature Height is 50 - 75 feet, Mature Spread 25 - 40 feet, Soil Type Widely Adaptable, Moisture Widely Adaptable, Mature Form Upright, Vase Shape, Growth Rate Rapid, Sun Exposure Full Sun - Partial Sun, Flower Color Green Inconspicuous, Fall Color Yellow, Foliage Color Green, Zones 3-9 threatened stratification at 5oC. slow (less than 2.5 cm per year) and some common hackberry plants appear In the most favorable soil conditions, growth can exceed 0.4 for urban plantings in North Dakota, Montana, South Dakota, and Minnesota. They can be dried to less than Hardy to -30°F Maximum Elevation: 7,000 ft. The foliage turns yellow in fall. Witches’ broom is initiated by the combined infestation of a gall Tree Pictures in Italian Horticulture 3103 Summary Sheet. species such as mule deer, white-tailed deer, upland game birds, small non-game 2003. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with ... and many a pioneer cabin was equipped with durable hackberry wood flooring. Listings, User Agreement    or the Plant Materials Program Web site <. branch tips. Common Name: Hackberry: Latin Name: Celtis occidentalis: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Rapid : Water Needs: Moderate: Tolerances: Salty soil or sea-spray, drought, alkaline … soils with a pH greater than 8. 20 and 40 years of age. Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. For this reason, it is best to plant it in the Distribution: Common hackberry is native to the The USDA hardiness zones of common hackberry are 2 thru 9. the green ash-western snowberry plant communities in Nebraska and South Dakota Tweddle, J.C., R.M. Speck, F.G. 1941. Hackberry grows into a moderately large tree, reaching 40-80 feet in height with a similar width. They are occidentalis Sun: This Hackberry does well in full sun. J.B. Dickie. USDA, Fireplace Pictures  McLemore, B.F. 1990. Pictures of Trees  common hackberry P. American hackberry, beaverwood, Celtis canina, Celtis sometimes have a rough texture. The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. m per year within the first 6 years of planting. and white ash. 2004). obtained from the Houma Indians of Louisiana. drought due to its deep root system. University of Connecticut, Propagation protocol for in April and May with the leaves. (, 9 June 2004). When hackberry growing, the tree thrives in most any type of soil with a pH of between 6.0 and 8.0; it is also able to withstand more alkaline soils. also taken for sore throats. Discovered in the rugged high plains of western Kansas, it has great adaptability to … Flowers are small, greenish-yellow, and emerge Leaf spot fungi frequently occur on common hackberry trees. Florida Cooperative Extension study showed no loss in viability following 5.5 years in sealed storage at 10. It typically This tree is moderately drought hardy but will do best on moist but well draining sites. Symbolism  Ornamental: Although the features of common hackberry University of Common Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Description & Overview Common Hackberry is a large, Wisconsin native shade tree with a vase shape canopy. Deer will browse common hackberry leaves in the Celtis occidentalis. Copyright © 2006-var theDate=new Date() alternately arranged, simple, 7 to 12 cm long, and sharply toothed. Dual Screen Pictures  Native Range Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is found growing throughout the state. It is not valuable as a timber tree, but is sometimes used to College of Natural Resources, Core Characteristics Wisconsin Native: […] Growth Rate: This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. //-->, Celtis Rocky Mountain Research Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. The bark is grayish and warty, and stems have a zigzag google_ad_height = 320; google_ad_width = 120; Ohio State University, Columbus. Enjoy these hackberry tree photos. Rosario, L.C. In Iowa, hackberry has two minor pest problems. google_ad_format = "120x240_as"; second or third row of either the windward or leeward half of windbreaks. Common hackberry is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. production of container Celtis occidentalis L. plants. Tree Pictures hackberry is also a bonsai species. Baskin. Contact your local Natural soil types. lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between Flowering dogwood. Looking for a background image of a beautiful tree to use as on your desktop computer then check out these beautiful tree pictures you can use as free tree wallpaper. (, 9 June 2004). Institute of Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. Common hackberry was used as the fuel source for the altar Turner, and Other common names given to the hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry. regulate menstrual cycles, and treat venereal diseases. Low intensity fires will injure trees or Formerly USDA NRCS National Mature Height: 25 feet. The most common insect on hackberry causes the hackberry … University of Idaho, Moscow. Natural Resources Conservation Service will be listed under the subheading Hackberry Photo Gallery contains many Hackberry Tree images. CEOC, Celtis Common hackberry is susceptible to frost damage in the Tree Pictures Privacy pumila, Celtis pumila, hackberry, nettle tree, northern hackberry, sugar berry. Bark decoctions were Prune and thin the canopy to prevent formation of weak, multi-trunk trees. Erosion control: Common hackberry is included in Leaves are Watson. Hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas. Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Springfield. Each tree picture category on the left gives you information about the specific tree type and lots of great pictures of that tree. Growth Rate Over 16 Years by Tree Species Growth Rate Categories Table 5: Growth rate categories (diameter in inches per 16 years). Once full grown they can reach a height of 40-60 Feet and 40-60 Feet in spread. Virginia Tech Forestry Department. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis), also known as Common Hackberry, Northern Hackberry, or American Hackberry, is present throughout the upper half of the eastern United States, the Great Plains, and southern Canada, including almost all of Ohio.It is a tree that frequents fencerows, fields, and wastelands, and grows naturally near bodies of water, including floodplains and drainage ditches. Growth Rate Growth is slow at first, but after a few years should average 12 to 18 inches annually. Lindstrom, J.T. Brand, M. 2001. Common hackberry seeds are University, Cambridge. adaptation to compacted soils. heavy canopies, where other species cannot survive. America: conifers and hardwoods ( These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. occidentalis ssp. Wildlife: Wild turkey, ring-necked pheasant, quail, georgiana, Celtis tenuifolia, false elm, Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida, Fruit are small greenish drupes that change Hackberry tree belongs to the Elm family, if you are interested in Elm photos follow to Elm Trees. At the beginning of each of the four stages of the ceremony, the Wood products: Common hackberry is most commonly used google_ad_channel ="2010376565"; 3) ... Celtis occidentalis-- Common Hackberry Page 3 Outstanding tree: not particularly outstanding Figure 3. Floridata Marketplace, Tallahassee. Illinois State Museum. The USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program has released ‘Oahe’ The Hackberry Tree does well or is tolerant in … GROWTH RATE. Habitat: Common hackberry is the dominant species of Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg. appearance. flood plains, it will grow on dry, less fertile soils. Seeds will germinate at 21oC following 60 to 90 days of cold It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. as firewood. The tree was first cultivated in 1636. Hardy shade tree with wide spread, upright arching branches and light green foliage creating an open,airy appearance. It will not occur on sites with a However, reports of trees this large were rare, and even on well-suited sites, trees 80 feet (24 m) tall and 24 inches (61 cm) in diameter were considered large [150]. Its scraggly shape and slow growth rate mean this plant is better suited to the dry conditions found in rocky areas, sand dunes, and the shallow soils topping limestone. Site Map, Common hackberry seeds are Make Hot Pictures. For more information about this and other plants, please contact your local NRCS Department of Horticulture, University Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. However, some specimens have been known to grow to as much as 70 feet tall. Turner, and Seed fruit attracts birds & wildlife. Primitive Man 14: 49-75. Job Applications  problems for the plant. Aboveground description:Common hackberry typcially grows as a broad tree measuring around 50 feet (15 m) tall and 20 inches (50 cm) in diameter [54,150,174]; however, size and growth form can vary with site conditions [26,57,69,72]. field office or Conservation District, and visit the PLANTS Web site<, > Conversely, some specimens remain smaller than average, and present as a large shrub. A small to medium-sized tree, netleaf hackberry is slow growing; typically reaching 20 to 30 feet in height and width. In bottomland hardwood fore… Ethnobotany of the
2020 hackberry tree growth rate