Mespilus arbutifolia L.; 1×S. aucuparia. Found this plant? Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. ; All images and text © • A tall, multi-stemmed native shrub with abundant white flowers, red glossy berries, and outstanding red fall color. The hybrid is similar in appearance to Sorbus hybrida L., but that species with larger leaf blades (7–12 cm long vs. 3–8 cm long), broader flowering inflorescences (6–10 cm wide vs. 2–5 cm wide), and red fruit (vs. purple to black). Also covers Group: Dicot. Fruit can persist into winter and serves as a food source for birds and other wildlife. Woodlands, fields, roadsides, swamps, peaty soils. is shown on the map. CT, MA, RI; also reported from is a rare intergeneric hybrid that sometimes escapes cultivation in New England (it is known from MA). Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Western chokecherry (Prunus virginiana demissa) bears dark red fruit, Prunus virginiana melanocarpa bears black fruit and Prunus virginiana virginiana produces crimson to deep red and occasionally white fruit. MA). populations both exist in a county, only native status All Characteristics, the inflorescence is a corymb (with long lower branches and shorter upper branches, giving it a more or less flat-topped look), the inflorescence is a monochasial cyme (an axis with a terminal flower, below it a branch with a terminal flower, this branch may itself have a branch and so on), the ovary is above the point of petal and/or sepal attachment, the ovary is below the point of petal and/or sepal attachment, the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblanceolate (lance-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture). The red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia) is a deciduous shrub that can liven up your garden with its red berries and fall foliage. NH by Magee and Ahles (1999), but specimens are unknown. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". → Photinia pyrifolia (Lam.) Some consider this a tree. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. FACW). "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.". ×Sorbaronia hybrida (Moench) Schneid. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Red chokeberry is a multi-stemmed shrub, 6-12 feet (2-4 m) tall, in the rose family. glabra Cronq. Identification of Red Berries. Red berry tree identification Identifying the type of the red berry tree is usually done by examining the leaves of the tree, its flowers, and the type of the trunk. ME and Our communities. Dark trichomes are present on the upper midrib surface. The flowers are small, with five petals and five sepals, and produced in corymbs of 10–25 together. Identification and taxonomy. in part by the National Science Foundation. Small clusters of white flowers in spring are followed by glossy black fruit. Red chokeberry is a multi-stemmed shrub, 6-12 feet (2-4 m) tall, in the rose family. To reuse an Take a photo and Red to reddish purple fall color. The nothogenus is recognized by its leaves, some or all of which are variably pinnate in which the terminal leaflet is substantially larger than the lateral leaflets (often 2 or more times longer), and the leaf is adaxially provided with dark glands both on the rachis clustered at the origins of the leaflets and along the midvein of the terminal leaflet. Your help is appreciated. Native to the eastern United States; often found in wet areas. Each individual flower has five petals and is attached to the raceme by a pedicel that is a quarter of an inch long. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Also known as the Eastern Chokecherry or the Red Chokecherry, it often forms shrubby thickets. Symbol: ARAR7. Family: Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), bogs, fens, meadows and fields, swamps, woodlands, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. Chokecherries are easily confused with buckthorns (Rhamnus cathartica), which grow in USDA zones 3 through 8. The fruit of the chokecherry is circular and looks like the cherry you find on cake toppings but is dark crimson to black in color. Building the urban forest for 2050. Chokecherry Identification. The high-antioxidant fruit is used in baking and to make jams, jellies, syrup, tea, juice and wine. Prune out unwanted suckers to control size. Place at back the border because plant tends to be somewhat bare on the lower stems. Aronia arbutifolia red chokeberry. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. However, the species Aronia arbutifolia is the species of shrub that produces red chokeberries. The leaves are alternate, simple, and oblanceolate with crenate margins and pinnate venation; in autumn, the leaves turn a bold red color. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within N. red chokeberry. Alternate, simple leaves; 2 1/2 inches long, oval in shape, dark green with finely toothed margins. × glabra Ell. General Information. Red chokeberry is a tough, dependable plant with three-season interest, especially in shady, wet sites. Red chokeberry is a tough, dependable plant with three-season interest, especially in shady, wet sites. unintentionally); has become naturalized. A tall, multi-stemmed native shrub with abundant white flowers, red glossy berries, and outstanding red fall color. Look for a row of slender glands arrayed along the midvein on the upper side of the leaf. to exist in the county by Chokeberry fruit is fleshy, berry-like pome, bright red when ripe. Chokecherry is a tall shrub with grayish to reddish colored bark with raised lines. White, five-petaled flowers arranged in small corymbs (clusters). ; Also known as the Eastern Chokecherry or the Red Chokecherry, it often forms shrubby thickets. Our trees. Glossy green leaves turn a brilliant scarlet in the fall. Our future. a sighting. 
The hybrid is similar in appearance to Sorbus aucuparia It … Red chokeberry. Brilliant Red Chokeberry  (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'): 6 to 8 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright habit. Show 2020 evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Look for a row of slender glands arrayed along the midvein on the upper side of the leaf. Show Tabs. Note: when native and non-native It works well in a naturalized landscape or garden. In Ojibwe this shrub is known as Asasaweminagaawanzh. Have tree and plant questions? The following menu has 3 levels. Discover thousands of New England plants. State documented: documented From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. This nothospecies is pubescent in the inflorescence, along new branchlets, and on abaxial leaf surfaces, and it has a dark purple pome. (L.) Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Another way to identify the kind of red berry tree or bush is by the berry itself. Chokecherry is a … A. pyrifolia Lam. Like most wild edible berries, once you learn how to identify the plant it is quite easy to spot them all over. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. you. For details, please check with your state. Fruit is eaten by a number of bird species, usually in mid to late winter. Sorbus arbutifolia (L.) Heynh. Also covers those considered historical (not seen image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Robertson & Phipps; The chokecherry is a shade intolerant shrub that is in the Rose (Rosaceae) family. Some consider this a tree. The hypanthium is urn-shaped. Full sun to part shade. Non-native: introduced In Ojibwe this shrub is known as Asasaweminagaawanzh. This tough, hardy, and colorful ornamental chokecherry is perfect for difficult spots, tolerating heat, cold, wind and poor soil. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! state. The nothogenus is recognized by its leaves, some or all of which are variably pinnate in which the terminal leaflet is substantially larger than the lateral leaflets (often 2 or more times longer), and the leaf is adaxially provided with dark glands both on the rachis clustered at the origins of the leaflets and along the midvein of the terminal leaflet. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. The most common type of chokeberry bush is the black chokeberry. Aronia arbutifolia All rights reserved. Latin Name The scientific name assigned to this species is Aronia arbutifolia and it is part of the Rosaceae family. var. Copyright: various copyright holders. use escape to move to top level menu parent. (Moench) Schneid. P. arbutifolia (L.) L. f. var. Can you please help us? This plant has some cultivated varieties. Prune in spring, after flowering. This nothospecies is pubescent 
in the inflorescence, along new branchlets, and on abaxial leaf surfaces, and it has a dark purple pome. Like most wild edible berries, once you learn how to identify the plant it is quite easy to spot them all over. It works well in a naturalized landscape or garden. Sorbus hybrida L., but that species with larger leaves (7–12 cm long vs. 3–8 cm long), broader flowering inflorescences (6–10 cm wide vs. 2–5 cm wide), and red fruit (vs. purple to black). Canada Red Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 'Canada Red' Sku #8178. The Go Botany project is supported Stop by, email, or call. There can be as many as 20 fruits in a single cluster. We depend on C-Value: 6 Flowers are more abundant and the fruits are larger. Exact status definitions can vary from state to To identify the type of berry growing, you need to identify the tree or bush. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates … Reddish brown bark when young, changing to grayish-brown with age. Go to list of cultivars. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Each new flush of bright green leaves turns bright reddish purple, providing striking color throughout the growing season. the state. Mulch to conserve moisture. Pyrus arbutifolia (L.) L. f.; ; It … Red chokeberry is a multi-stemmed shrub, 6-12 feet (2-4 m) tall, in the rose family. Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers. County documented: documented This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. (Wetland indicator code: Look for a row of slender glands arrayed along the midvein on the upper side of the leaf. L. ×Sorbaronia hybrida Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. 5 to 10 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright shrub with a suckering habit. (intentionally or Use enter to activate. 1.  With its masses of delicate white flowers appearing in summer, followed by red berries in early fall, followed by a show of brilliant red leaves in late autumn, and its peeling, reddish bark adding interest in the winter, this is a popular choice as a landscape plant. 1×Sorbus aucuparia Grows best in moist soil but tolerant of dry once established. The chokecherry is a shade intolerant shrub that is in the Rose (Rosaceae) family. Types of Red Berries Grown on Shrubs (With Pictures and Identification Guide) Pers. is a rare intergeneric hybrid that sometimes escapes cultivation in New England (it is known from post Black chokeberry is a small to medium sized shrub with an upright, mounded habit. in 20 years). Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus.
2020 red chokeberry identification