Hooded mergansers are the second smallest species of merganser, with only the smew of Europe and Asia being smaller, and it also is the only merganser whose native habitat is restricted to North America. I have used each of them, in one way or another, throughout the years in my quest to better identify vital meetings, serves ornithologists at every career stage, pursues a global perspective, and informs public policy on all issues important to ornithology and holding their prey. In 2014, The Toledo Zoo in Ohio became just the second zoo in North America to successfully propagate Scaly-sided Mergansers. The common merganser (North American) or goosander (Eurasian) (Mergus merganser) is a large seaduck of rivers and lakes in forested areas of Europe, the northern and central Palearctic, and North America. As of the end of 2014, the Scaly-sided Merganser is displayed at six North American zoos and with increasing interest in displaying and breeding this species [5][6], In most places, the common merganser is as much a frequenter of salt water as fresh water. When floating leisurely, they position themselves in water similar to ducks, but they also swim deep in water like cormorants, especially when swimming upstream. Common Mergansers living along rivers may spend hours resting on rocks or on shore. This is quite rare, though, and they are considered vagrants in those areas (Pedro and Rodr í guez 2018). Elliot, Daniel Giraud, 1835-1915 so, creating awareness of the birds and their plights. Range maps can Slightly larger than the European birds, with a more slender bill. North American birds winter in New England, midwestern and southern states, and the Pacific coast of the U.S. and Canada. The Common Merganser, as the name indicates, is the most abundant and whose habitat covers the largest portions of the continent. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, Editor). North American Breeding Distribution and Relative Abundance: Distributed across the boreal forests of North America and Eurasia, the Common Merganser’s breeding range in North America extends from southeastern Alaska across Canada and as far south as the northwestern and west-central United States, the northern Great Lakes, and New England. Scaly-sides live in the eastern portions of Asia. In North America, common mergansers may breed as far north as southern Alaska and Canada. Their ordinary voice is a low, harsh croak, but during the breeding season, they (including the young) make a plaintive, soft whistle. When disturbed, they often disgorge food before moving. He introduced the current binomial name Mergus merganser. These are links to websites pertaining to the different birding institutions, societies and organizations here in North America. Notably, most of the western European male population migrates north to estuaries in Finnmark in northern Norway (principally Tanafjord) to moult, leaving the females to care for the ducklings. can be determined. Eurasian M. m. merganser of northern Europe and northern Asiatic Russia. the scientific understanding of birds, enriching ornithology as a profession, and promoting a rigorous scientific basis for the conservation of birds. There are three types of these birds in North America. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. There are many different types of ducks, and the geese and swans in the same family are closely related, hence the confusion and variation when classifying waterfowl.Even more confusion sets in with these birds' common names, many of which are called "geese" while genetically they are actually ducks. The smew ( M. albellus ) is a small, compact merganser with a short bill; it breeds from Scandinavia to Siberia and south to Turkestan and winters on lakes and streams south to the Mediterranean and Central Asia . Their bills are long and slender with serrated edges, formed like teeth for grasping and Even though there is a pair of birds in the image above they are using the Individual Search method which involves swimming continuously with the head submerged while searching for prey. Native to North America and nearby island nations and introduced to much of Europe, this bird prefers forest, wetland and marine ecosystems. You may be 1994). The mergansers are also known as "Fish Ducks" and fish is their main diet. The Smew is a member of the The young are sexually mature at the age of two years. An adult weights about 620 grams (1.4 lbs) and is 40-50 cm (16-20 in.) [5][6][7] Common Mergansers are known to form crèches, with single females having being observed with over 70 ducklings at one time. clothing industry. Why Ducks Can Be Confusing . Apart from the goosander (known in North America as the 'common merganser'), there are three other extant forms of merganser: the hooded merganser which nests in North America; the scaly-sided merganser, which is a rare bird of China, Japan and Korea; and the Brazilian merganser, which is one of the most threatened wildfowl in the world with only 250 birds living in the wild. The top of the head, neck and back are all black, and the chest, breast and belly are white. Wetland Birds of North America www.exploringnature.org Sea Ducks ©Sheri Amsel Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Barrow’s Goldeneye Bucephala islandica Common Eider Somateria mollissima In addition, users can use the existing data to search out the location of bird species throughout the year. The Hooded Merganser finds its prey underwater by sight, the nictating membrane (third eyelid) is clear and acts to protect the eye during swimming, just like a pair of goggles. The wild fowl of the United States and British possessions : or, The swan, geese, ducks, and mergansers of North America . that could be seen by an individual birder in one calendar year. merganser family and this vagrant is seen visiting North America from time to time. This site allows users to sign up and participate in recording birds seen on a daily basis as well as the location, for any bird species seen in the Re-launched in 2003, the new series serves to rebuild the connection thousands of viewers made ABA - American Birding Association This site represents an organization that maintains As one of the They have large, long bodies, thin, pointed wings, and straight, narrow bills. This book covers all the native and vagrant species of birds seen on the North American Continent. Birds of North America Handbook of Birds of the World Alive. The smallest of the group is the Hooded Merganser and can be found across the southern regions of Canada, throughout the US central Quite different is the hooded merganser (M., or Lophodytes, cucullatus) of temperate North America, a small, tree-nesting species of woodland waterways. The males are slightly lar Explore Taxonomy. [4], There are three subspecies, differing in only minor detail:[5][6], It is 58–72 cm (23–28 in) long with a 78–97 cm (31–38 in) wingspan and a weight of 0.9–2.1 kg (2.0–4.6 lb); males average slightly larger than females but with some overlap. It all started in 1963, with black-and-white vignettes about the loon, the moose, the gannet and the beaver. [7] They are very scarce in Ireland, with regular breeding confined to a few pairs in County Wicklow.[18]. official records of all birds species that have been proven to have been seen inside the perimeters of the North American Continent and the surrounding bodies of Report of the Irish Rare Breeding Birds Panel 2013, Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, "Carotenoids produce flush in the Elegant Tern plumage", "1 Hen, 76 Ducklings: What's the Deal With This Picture? Females, and males in "eclipse" (non-breeding plumage, July to October) are largely grey, with a reddish-brown head, white chin, and white secondary feathers on the wing. whether it be by regions, habitat, appearance or maybe colour. During the winter they will be found further south on lakes, reservoirs and rivers. The Commons live throughout Europe, parts of Asia, and North America. American M. m. americanus of North America. Red-breasted Merganser Harle huppé Mergus serrator Information, images and range maps on over 1,000 birds of North America, including sub-species, vagrants, introduced birds and possibilities It eats fish and nests in holes in trees. ornithological collections. Today, there are many chapters of the NAS all over the continent and all individual groups have a common goal, to educate the public. In doing NAC - National Audubon Society The National Audubon Society is the oldest organization in The Hooded Merganser has a large range, estimated globally at 5,500,000 square kilometers. The first formal description of the common merganser was by the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in 1758 in the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae. Adult males in breeding plumage are easily distinguished, the body white with a variable salmon-pink tinge, the head black with an iridescent green gloss, the rump and tail grey, and the wings largely white on the inner half, black on the outer half. Birds on display at different zoological institutions serve as ambassadors for their wild counterparts and educate guests about the biology of this beautiful bird, the reasons why the species needs help, and the efforts currently underway to preserve them. [10] The female lays 6–17 (most often 8–12) white to yellowish eggs, and raises one brood in a season. North American Duck photos This page contains a list of over 30 ducks that can be found in North America. Like other species in the genus Mergus, it has a crest of longer head feathers, but these usually lie smoothly rounded behind the head, not normally forming an erect crest. To rise from water, they flap along the surface for many yards. innovators, and students. Neotropical Birds. formed in North America in the 1990's. The hooded merganser has a sawbill but is not classified as a typical merganser. Common Mergansers are found throughout most of North America, during the breeding season they can be found in northern forested habitats that include lakes, ponds and rivers. The bill and legs are red to brownish-red, brightest on adult males, dullest on juveniles. AOS - The American Ornitholgy Society is an international society devoted to advancing In smaller streams, they are present in pairs or smaller groups, and they float down, twisting round and round in the rapids, or fishing vigorously in a deep pool near the foot of a waterfall or rapid. Much smaller numbers of males also use estuaries in eastern Scotland as a moulting area. Photos can be added to identify individual birds. Bird of the Month by Russ Chappell Common mergansers are marine diving ducks frequenting rivers and lakes in North America. Look for them sitting on rocks in midstream, disappearing around the next bend, or flying along the river, when their white wing patches and heavy bodies make them easy to identify. Return to Birds of North America Home Page. According to Birds of North America there are four foraging methods used by Red-breasted Mergansers which are Cooperative Herding, Individual Search, Shallow Diving and Deep Diving. Jun 11, 2017 - Labeled pictures of ducks for easier identification. water. The elegant gray-bodied females have rich, cinnamon heads with a short crest. Some of these ways of achieving these goals, is by purchasing and leasing lands around already protected lands and creating larger safe zones for all its habitants. In some parts of Europe, with artificial nesting sites provided, the species has become a common nesting bird along city waterfronts; this has not yet happened in North America. Three races of Common Merganser are recognised:. The common merganser (North American) or goosander (Eurasian) (Mergus merganser) is a large seaduck of rivers and lakes in forested areas of Europe, the northern and central Palearctic, and North America. with wildlife through the original series. It provides information on all the birds I hope you will take advantage of these suggested websites. their website has made information available on articles, images and sounds, relating to all the native birds seen in North America. been bringing Canada’s iconic wildlife directly into Canadians’ homes. Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) French: Harle couronné Male Hooded Merganser Description The hooded merganser is the smallest of the three merganser species in North America. The goosander is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds applies. Once they are airborne, the flight is strong and rapid. [5][6] In some populations, the males also show distinct moult migration, leaving the breeding areas as soon as the young hatch to spend the summer (June to September) elsewhere. By. The Red-breasted Merganser frequents salt water more than the other two North American mergansers, the Common and the Hooded. About. Welcome to the Web site for Hinterland Who's Who AOS is distinguished by its tremendous collective expertise, including eminent scientists, conservation practitioners, early career The hope of a captive breeding program for the Scaly-sided Merganser in North America is to help ensure a future for this species as a whole. Explore Birds of the World. There are three types of these birds in North America. Each of these links offer the user different methods to identify birds, with a complete list of bird species, broken down per country, or in the example of the US or Canada, per state and province. Mergansers are our only ducks that specialize in eating fish. By using filters, information as to the movements About. The hooded merganser is the smallest of the three merganser species occurring in North America. In western North America this species breeds from southeastern Alaska to Oregon, Idaho and Montana. Some Mergansers live or migrate across an incredibly wide range while others only occupy a few isolated regions. Hinterland Who's Who Knowledge on the possibilities of where and what birds might be present are included. be verified, allowing the users to see where the presence of individual bird species are expected to be at certain times of the year. [17], Within western Europe, a marked southward spread has occurred from Scandinavia in the breeding range since about 1850, colonising Scotland in 1871, England in 1941, and also a strong increase in the population in the Alps. [9] They often fish in a group forming a semicircle and driving the fish into shallow water, where they are captured easily. long; males are larger than females. information pertaining to many articles regarding nature. Like other mergansers, they have a same sites are a great asset to seeking out knowledge on birds in other regions of the world. This book goes into great details, describing the individual species and their races. Neotropical Birds. Explore Birds of the World. Hooded Mergansers live exclusively in North America, straying as far south at times as Hispaniola, an island in the Caribbean (S é n é chal, Gauthier, and Savard 2008, Pedro and Rodr í guez 2018). [13], The species is a partial migrant, with birds moving away from areas where rivers and major lakes freeze in the winter, but resident where waters remain open. Explore Taxonomy. In a DNA study of adult Common Mergansers across North America, Russia, Denmark and Scotland, it seems that female philopatry is the strongest driver of population structure (Pearce, McCracken, et al. world. plains to the eastern shorelines. That aside, their website provides wonderful Eastern North American birds move south in small groups to the United States wherever ice free conditions exist on lakes and rivers; on the milder Pacific coast, they are permanent residents. [16] In February 2020, a rare goosander siting was documented in Central Park, New York; the bird was in obvious distress, with its beak being trapped by a piece of debris. The diet of Common Mergansers includes fish, insects and aquatic plants. Spends winters in south as far as Mexico, mainly on large lakes and rivers, occasionally on saltwater. They are among the diving ducks that swim below the surface hunting their prey. Finally, Red-breasts live in Europe, Asia, Greenland, and northern North America. Different species have different ranges and distributions. The Common Merganser, as the name indicates, is the most abundant and whose habitat covers the largest portions of the continent. They are 23-28 inches long with 31-38-inch wingspans and weigh between two and 4.6 pounds. In larger streams and rivers, they float down with the stream for a few miles, and either fly back again or more commonly fish their way back, diving incessantly the whole way. Common Merganser Mergus merganser Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Mergansers. The males are striking with clean white bodies, dark green heads, and a slender, serrated red bill. ", "The origins of moulting Goosanders on the Eden Estuary", "Central Park Races to Save a Rare Duck Gagging on a Piece of Plastic", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_merganser&oldid=989714984, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 16:19. See more ideas about duck identification, duck, waterfowl. Common Mergansers are streamlined ducks that float gracefully down small rivers or shallow shorelines. In addition to fish, they take a wide range of other aquatic prey, such as molluscs, crustaceans, worms, insect larvae, and amphibians; more rarely, small mammals and birds may be taken. The Common Merganser or Goosander Mergus merganser is a large duck, of rivers and lakes of forested areas of Europe, northern and central Asia, and North America. The common merganser eats fish. world's oldest and largest ornithological societies, AOS produces scientific publications of the highest quality, hosts intellectually engaging and professionally population in North American zoos, which reached 40 birds in 2014. Here, bird species names are [7][14][15], Overall, the species is not threatened, though illegal persecution by game fishing interests is a problem in some areas. eBird - TheCornellLab of Ornithology eBird is a must for any individual, who has Welcome to our new website! It was with this list that all the competing birders used in an attempt to set a new record as to how many bird species [5][6][7], Like the other mergansers, these piscivorous ducks have serrated edges to their bills to help them grip their prey, so they are often known as "sawbills". [2] The genus name is a Latin word used by Pliny and other Roman authors to refer to an unspecified waterbird, and merganser is derived from mergus and anser, Latin for "goose". Click on the Duck photographs to enlarge them or if you click on the Duck's name then it will take you to another page with information, more photos, and sometimes a video of that particular Duck. [3] In 1843 John James Audubon used the name "Buff-breasted Merganser" in addition to "goosander" in his book The Birds of America. and understand our fine feathered friends. The Red-breasted Merganser nests in the northern regions, but is more likely to spend its winter on the coast, living in saltwater. Some occur year-round in the northern and western United States. The ducklings are taken by their mother in her bill to rivers or lakes immediately after hatching, where they feed on freshwater invertebrates and small fish fry, fledging when 60–70 days old. [11], Nesting is normally in a tree cavity, so it requires mature forest as its breeding habitat; they also readily use large nest boxes where provided, requiring an entrance hole 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter. The description to follow is taken from the AOS Home Page. Includes facts, pictures and articles. The mergansers are also known as "Fish Ducks" and fish is their main diet. Birds of North America Handbook of Birds of the World Alive. an interest in birds. Juveniles (both sexes) are similar to adult females but also show a short black-edged white stripe between the eye and bill. This is the list used by all serious birders over their lifetime. It nests in holes in trees. ; Asiatic M. m. orientalis of the Central Asian mountains. The British call this bird the "Goosander." Hooded Mergansers w (Dugger et al. It bases its goal on four approaches, Halt extinctions, Protect habitat, Eliminate threats and to Build capacity. Copyright © and Trademark protected, www.birds-of-north-america.net Scaly-sided Merganser (Mergus squamatus), version 1.0. Information about the classification of merganser. listed on the ABA bird list. Have a look around, and learn how you can help ensure that the wildlife remains part of what it For more than 50 years, Hinterland Who’s Who has proudly Regular revised versions are posted to keep the bird list current at all times. Resident in Northern New England, southern Ontario and Quebec, and in the western states. Generally, they are wary, and one or more birds stay on sentry duty to warn the flock of approaching danger. They often sit on a rock in the middle of the water, similar to cormorants, often half-opening their wings to the sun. It was initially formed for the preservation of egrets and herons as well as waders, who were being hunted and killed, so their feathers could be used in the Breeds from eastern Alaska to Newfoundland on wooded rivers, ponds, and lakes. Filmed in Los Gatos, California, USA, March 14th 2019. DISTRIBUTION: Oberholser (1974) describes the occurrence of the Hooded Merganser in Texas primarily as a winter migrant present from November to March, but does list two spring sightings, one summer sighting, and one summer specimen record. [8] When not diving for food, they are usually seen swimming on the water surface, or resting on rocks in midstream or hidden among riverbank vegetation, or (in winter) on the edge of floating ice. available in other languages, a great asset to be used as a translation of foreign bird names. Migration pattern can be calculated using information by months or years as needed. The Hooded is the smallest of our three native merganser species, and often seems to be the least numerous, as it tends to live around swamps and wooded ponds where it may be overlooked. Scandinavian and Russian birds also migrate southwards, but western European birds, and a few in Japan, are largely resident. provides some of the best books available for those who have an interest in birds. The book called "The Complete Birds of North America", is a book recommended Avibase - the world bird database This site provides the user aware of the movie called the "Big Year". [12] In places devoid of trees (like Central Asian mountains), they use holes in cliffs and steep, high banks, sometimes at considerable distances from the water. Wavy black lines can be seen on the tawny sides and flanks. ABC - American Bird Conservancy This is an organization started in Europe and is now Mike-Excellent discussion of the Mergansers. Title. [10] Though they move clumsily on land, they resort to running when pressed, assuming a very upright position similar to penguins, and falling and stumbling frequently. means to be Canadian. You mention that the Smew interbreeds with with Common Goldeneye, but the same is true for the Hooded Merganser, and the experts tell us (see account in Birds of North America) that Lophodytes is a genus intermediate between the Bucephla (Goldeneyes and Bufflehead) and Mergus. The mergansers are equipped to catch fish. Common Mergansers are numerous in summer along rivers in northern North America, and many a canoe trip will turn them up without much trouble. It is the smallest of the three species of mergansers found in North America. Common Merganser: Common throughout much of North America. 2009). All Rights Reserved 2007-2020, Click on the bird images or names to see pictures of the Mergansers seen in North America. North America. One of their They were the driving force in promoting the original international laws, protecting migratory birds. [5][6] As in other birds with the character, the salmon-pink tinge shown variably by males is probably diet-related, obtained from the carotenoid pigments present in some crustaceans and fish. Today, It breeds in northern regions around the globe, from Europe to Asia to North America, where it nests from Alaska, across northern Canada, down to the Great Lakes, then east to the Maritimes on the Atlantic coast. Male hooded mergansers have a large white crest surrounded by black. to be part of any birders library. Common Merganser (Mergus merganser), version 1.0. Measurements are averages or ranges. Brazilians only live in Brazil. NA - National Geographic The Society of National Geographic
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