Possibly the most well-known was the Stuxnet worm in 2010 that targeted industrial facilities through SCADA vulnerabilities. NCSC Helping Man United Recover from Cyber-Attack; Two in Five Home Workers Vulnerable to Cyber-Attacks; #BlackFriday Interview: Jonathan Reiber, Senior Director of Cybersecurity Strategy & Policy, AttackIQ ; News; Topics . Contact us for a review of your enterprise’s SCADA security. Cyber attacks on the cyber systems of wind farm present a potential threat for power system dynamics. What are the impacts of these attacks? Directory; Search. Further, for legacy ICS and SCADA … Rising cases of SCADA network attacks and attacks have caused increased discussion of the topic. to control/monitor processes like heating, ventilation and energy consumption. Put succinctly, it defines defences to computer systems from electronic attack. Conficker (Warm) Target: French Navy Impact: Failure to download flight plans. Posted on August 20, 2020 September 1, 2020 by Nucleus Command Systems. It exploited a Windows vulnerability, or guessed administrator passwords to install itself. (Older systems are more likely to be unique designs, hence less susceptible to attack). Dr Richard Piggin MBCS examines the new threat of Duqu, Stuxnet and UK cyber security and asks what’s the relevance? Implement security controls such as intrusion detection software, antivirus software and file integrity checking software, where technically feasible, to prevent, deter, detect, and mitigate the introduction, exposure, and propagation of malicious software to, within, and from the ICS. We are the only specialist security-focused global network of PR professionals that can offer a multi-country coordinated service, ensuring consistent messaging that is localised and translated for different regions. Abstract: Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are deeply ingrained in the fabric of critical infrastructure sectors. This virus intercepted and made changes to data to a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). Defending ICS and SCADA Systems from Cyber Attacks. [/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section]. ICS\SCADA Cyber attacks timeline 18 Who Will Be Hit Next? But with a cyber attack on SCADA systems, actual physical damage can be done with few lines of code. Attacks on ICS-SCADA: How to protect critical infrastructures ENISA publishes a study on the "Communication network dependencies for ICS-SCADA Systems". In this article, Ruchna Nigam, Security researcher at Fortinet’s FortiGuard Labs shares expert insights into SCADA attacks. It is believed that modern warfare will be primarily conducted in the cyber realm, so SCADA networks have to be hardened against attacks from sophisticated state governments. With the growing threat of cyber-attacks and cyber warfare, the security of certain networks is under scrutiny by those hoping to protect them. It scanned the local network for servers that collect data from industrial equipment and sent collected data to a command and control server. According to a collection of documents called the “Farewell Dossier”, the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was involved in the sale of ‘altered’ products and equipment to the Soviet Union. A Taxonomy of Cyber Attacks on SCADA Systems. Slammer caused a denial of service and slowed down the network whereas Sobig sent out spam via e-mail. SCADA is an electromechanical system in which software can be used to control hardware — real, physical objects. Previous attacks against industrial facilities have highlighted the impact of attacks on SCADA systems. What are the means used by cybercriminals to target industrial systems? In 2001 suspicious patterns of intrusions were found on the website of a Californian city in Silicon Valley; Mountain View. Such SCADA systems are essential for industrial organisations. The report identifies good practices and recommendations to help the security of ICS-SCADA against cyber threats. In this article, Ruchna Nigam, Security researcher at Fortinet’s FortiGuard Labs shares expert insights into SCADA attacks. Some aggressive variants may have caused network congestion. The U.S. government is focusing on the … The importance of SCADA means that networks using the technology have to prepare for attacks from a broad range of sophisticated adversaries. We endeavour to guide you towards up-to-code SCADA systems. In December 2015 a massive power outage hit the Ukraine, and it was found to be the result of a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) cyber attack. The Sobig virus infected a computer system in CSX Corporation’s headquarters, shutting down signaling, dispatching and other systems, resulting in . This article provides an overview of the MODBUS protocol and reveals why it is also one of the most vulnerable ones to cyber attacks. Israel’s National Cyber Directorate announced to have received reports of cyber attacks aimed at supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems at wastewater treatment plants, pumping stations and sewage facilities. ICS software or configuration settings modified, or ICS software infected with malware, which could have multiple negative effects. But when a cyber-attack is launched on a SCADA network, the potential … Everyone from large companies to local and federal governments are all vulnerable to these threats to SCADA security. PG Program in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning , Statistics for Data Science and Business Analysis, allowing industrial organisations to gather and monitor real-time data, Offshore Outsourcing Challenges Part 1: How to Hire an Effective Team. SCADA systems often manage Industrial Control Systems (ICS). It is, therefore, essential for organisations to understand potential SCADA cyber security threats, as well as the best practices to implement to their business. SCADA MODBUS is the most widely used SCADA Protocol. It’s crucial for businesses to keep the following threats and vulnerabilities in mind: The baseline security strategy to be employed to industrial control networks include the following essential steps: To sum everything up, here’s a checklist to help you develop and implement a comprehensive and robust protection strategy: Every company needs to keep their SCADA security in check. 2010: Stuxnet was a computer worm found spying on and reprogramming industrial systems at Iran’s Natanz nuclear facility. Physical impact: None, Blacken was found on a command and control server of an existing botnet. Cyber-attacks are becoming a big threat in the Internet world. The attack is reported to have disrupted the control of gas flows for a few hours but this was never confirmed by Gazprom. SCADA MODBUS is an application layer messaging protocol, positioned at level 7 of the OSI model. The … In conclusion, based on the instances listed above, the attacks are far from widespread despite their lucrative SCADA target. Physical impact: Although details of the malware itself are vague, the report states that the attack led to the breakdown of individual control components, that “led to the”uncontrolled shutdown of a blast furnace, leaving it in an undefined state and resulting in massive damage.”. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. Possibly someone might set up an attack for espionage (industrial) purposes or to generate “false” information to the SCADA system. Harden the perimeter –prevent unauthorised access or changes to your system and its components, remove unnecessary features and functions and patch the vulnerabilities you are aware of. Here are the attacks that were specifically designed for and targeted at SCADA systems. Which is why we at ELEKS have compiled a guide on threats to recognise, and the SCADA cybersecurity best practices to implement. The virus allowed the infected computers to be controlled remotely by attackers. 2009: Oil, gas, and petrochemical companies such as Exxon, Shell, BP, among others were hit by the Night Dragon virus that was distributed using spearphishing. Except Stuxnet and the virus targeting the German steel mill, no other attack has managed to cause physical destruction. Cyber attacks on SCADA systems have doubled over the last year – Thinkstock / weerapatkiatdumrong The most common threat trends in the “2015 Dell Security Annual Threat Report” come from observations by the Dell SonicWALL Threat Research Team, with research data gathered through the company’s Global Response Intelligence Defense (GRID) Network. Create your free account to unlock your custom reading experience. The fact that an attack on such a system can produce often significant physical damage makes SCADA systems a particularly attractive target for hackers. Industry Control Systems have become widely used in the manufacturing industry, and Transparency Market Research predicts the global ICS market will grow from $58 billion in 2014 to a huge $81 billion by 2021. SCADA is the term describing systems that are used to control physical equipment. 1999: There were reports of an attack on Gazprom, the Russian oil corporation, where a Trojan horse was installed on their pipeline system, with the help of an insider. The bad news: Attacks aimed at industrial sites have become more aggressive over the past year. In this same period, 40% of cyberattacks have been directed against energy companies (Siegel, Josh; Motorola Solutions, 2014). 1982: the first SCADA attack may have happened as early as in 1982. Recent SCADA systems are much more susceptible to concerted cyber attacks because of the adoption of IT technologies and standards into the design of such systems. Due to this increase in demand and use of SCADA and ICS, it is crucial to have the best SCADA cyber security measures in place, especially since a large number of government agencies and organisations have encountered significant security challenges. That’s why Code Red has scoured the global market for the best cyber security public relations experts to put together this unique portfolio of local agencies. Capital expenditure is another key concern; SCADA systems can cost an organization from tens of thousands … Unfortunately, it took an attack the scale of Stuxnet to raise awareness among industrial companies about the potential destructive impacts of these cyber threats. What are File Permissions and Why do they Matter? Such issues include providing new technologies and partners with a high level of access into an organisation’s systems, introducing the potential for outside hackers who can infiltrate their control systems. For example, one of the attack scenarios illustrates an attack on an electric turbine. The famous Stuxnet worm that damaged nuclear machinery in Iran is an example of a SCADA attack. The report describes their technical skills as ‘very advanced’, with an expertise not only in traditional IT security but also extending to detailed technical knowledge of Industrial Control Systems (ICS) and the production processes being used. These networks, just like any other network, are under threat from cyber-attacks that could bring down any part of the nation's critical infrastructure quickly and with dire consequences if the right security is not in place. As Operational Technologies (OT) for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) proliferate and converge with enterprise IT systems, CSOs and CIOs need to assess the risks with their growing attack surface. 2004: Transportation companies like British Airways, Railcorp, Delta Airlines were hit with the Sasser worm that exploited a buffer overflow vulnerability to propagate to other vulnerable systems. In the same vein, SCADA systems are growing at an annual growth rate of 6.6%. These sophisticated attacks require not only advanced technical skills and knowledge of the infrastructure under attack, but also significant financial resources, that all cybercriminals do not have. Monitor remote access solutions to prevent malware and inappropriate network traffic. This notification of an error allows the operator to resolve the issues and prevent further problems and loss of the product. SCADA can also control industrial processes (locally or remotely), record events into a log file and directly network with devices like valves, motors, pumps, and sensors. When it comes to SCADA security, hackers are everywhere. See Stuxnet and SCADA. Whilst no distinctive SCADA cyber terrorism attack has yet shook our culture in the way that the events of 9/11 did, there is evidence to suggest that it could. Being connected to the Internet with the RTU’s, SCADA systems are vulnerable for cyber-attacks. The attack by the Stuxnet virus against Iran in 2010 raised awareness of the vulnerability of industrial systems known as SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition). cyber attacks including cyber-induced cyber-physical attacks on SCADA systems. However, for how long have these threats existed? Several SCADA systems have come under attack by viruses that weren’t specifically targeting them but happened to find them. Features. 2014: The two next viruses were found in the wild in 2014 but there were no reports received from the impacted organizations. Monitoring of the system logs revealed the malfunctions were the result of cyber attacks. The data clearly shows that industrial control systems continue to be soft targets for adversaries. The recent attacks urge development of more critical infrastructure security. Cyber financial attacks such as the 83 million household and small-business records stolen from JPMorgan Chase Bank (Reuters, 2014) contribute to the 78% increase in financial impact of cybercrime in the past four years. Schneider Electric is a multinational corporation that specializes in energy management automation and SCADA networks. It also references Cimplicity design files but their exact use is not yet understood. What are the means used by cybercriminals to target industrial systems? SCADA provides revolutionary data for organisations. However, for how long have these threats existed? This was never officially confirmed in the Farewell Dossier which only mentioned the installation of flawed turbines but not the accident. Physical impact: Destroyed a fifth of Iran’s nuclear centrifuges. Though data breaches in normal cyberattacks create a great loss, real physical damage cannot be done through such an attack. While traditional computer attacks usually result in non-material damage, Stuxnet showed the destructive capacity of advanced worms and viruses in affecting not only corporate data but also water management systems, chemical product production and energy infrastructures. Webinars; White Papers; Podcasts; Events & Conferences. The SCADA system was directing sewage valves to open when the design protocol should have kept them closed. Have network security protocols. SCADA systems adoption is growing at an annual growth rate of 6.6%. Security needs constant attention and tweaks. 2009. Cyber security is an all-embracing term, meaning different things to different people. The dedicated CyberGym SCADA labs illustrate cyber-attack scenarios on real functional SCADA components, including turbines, and provide comprehensive and realistic data for SCADA system research. The worm could then propagate to other vulnerable machines, self-update and download and install further malware. Interference with the operation of equipment protection systems, which could endanger costly and difficult-to-replace equipment. Visit us at eleks.com. It targets users of the SCADA software, GE Cimplicity, and installs executables to the software’s home directory. Blocked or delayed flow of information through ICS networks, which could disrupt ICS operation. 2009: The French Navy was victim of the Conficker worm. Ensure that critical components are redundant and are on redundant networks. Add to favorites. For instance, a SCADA system can quickly notify an operator if a batch or product is showing an unusually high number of errors. Increase / Decrease text size - Tom Ball Reporter 23rd March 2017. Industrial Control Systems (ICS) are typically used in such industries as electric power, water and wastewater, oil and natural gas, transportation, chemical, pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, food and beverage, and discrete manufacturing (e.g., automotive, aerospace, and durable goods). SCADA cyber attacks: Eugene Kaspersky warns of global blackout. SCADA is one of the most common types of industrial control systems (ICS). Cyber-security experts and strategists agree that Critical Infrastructures and Industrial Control/SCADA systems are the backbone of any country. Physical impact: None, although it is reported that attackers exfiltrated operational blueprints for SCADA systems and even collected data. Your technology partner for software innovation and market-leading solutions. Finding the right PR partners worldwide that have genuine, in-depth expertise into the cyber security market can be challenging and time-consuming. Initially this was believed to be a system bug. Physical impact: No reported cases, Last but not least, according to a report by the German Federal Office of Information Security (BSI), a targeted attack on the computer network of a German steel mill in 2014 resulted in massive damage. Top of the list should be looking at the potential threats and attacks emanating from the network, given the convergence of OT and IT networks. October 30, 2017 . The attackers used spear phishing e-mails and sophisticated social engineering to gain access to the steel mill’s office network, leading them to the production network. Looking at how cybercrime continues to evolve, one may expect such destructive attacks to increase, hinting at the need for companies to start preparing for them. The purpose of a cyber attack on a SCADA system could range from a hacker trying to prove he can get through your defenses, to a terrorist that wants to damage a major petroleum products transportation pipeline. Interference with the operation of safety systems, which could endanger human life. seizing SCADA under control, remotely switching substations off; disabling/destroying IT infrastructure components (uninterruptible power supplies, modems, RTUs, commutators); destruction of files stored on servers and workstations with the KillDisk malware; denial-of-service attack on call-center to deny consumers up-to-date information on the blackout. Cyber security and SCADA in the UK. You cannot put … Physical impacts: None for Davis-Besse Nuclear Power Station, although Slammer took down the SCADA network on another undisclosed utility. They help maintain efficiency, communicate system issues so that it can help alleviate downtime, and the real-time data it produces can be used to formulate smarter decisions. The most serious threats are those that intend to either … Determined by the impact on control performance of SCADA systems, the attack categorization criteria highlights commonalities and important features of such attacks that deﬁne unique challenges posed to securing SCADA systems versus traditional Information Technology SCADA systems are what makes the modern world tick. According to a re… Defending ICS and SCADA Systems from Cyber Attacks As Operational Technologies (OT) for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) proliferate and converge with enterprise IT systems, CSOs and CIOs need to assess the risks with their growing attack surface. Here, the hackers’ motivations were data stealing and spying. SCADA Security: What Makes SCADA Networks More Vulnerable to Cyber-Attacks? Physical impact: Failure to download flight plans leading to grounded aircraft. These control systems (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) collect real-time data from various points spread through several sites, analyzes it, and enables real time reactions. The experiment involved hackers invading the plant’s control system to change the operating cycle of the generator. 2003: Davis-Besse Nuclear Power Station and CSX Corporation in the US were respectively victims of the Slammer and Sobig worms. Stuxnet, however, is the not the first virus targeting the SCADA environment. Stuxnet (Warm) Target: Iran’s nuclear facility Impact: Destroyed multiple centrifuges 2010. They’ve become so common that businesses make stopping them part of their everyday operations. Havex was distributed as trojanised SCADA software downloads from compromised vendor websites. Cyber-attacks can be the end to many companies, which is why we understand the importance of implementing SCADA security best practices to your business model. In 2016, the malware known as Industroyer caused power outages in Ukraine. SCADA Cyber Security. Why Singapore is Southeast Asia’s cyber security hub. Inaccurate information sent to system operators, either to disguise unauthorised changes or to cause the operators to initiate inappropriate actions, which could have various adverse effects. Restrict logical and physical access to the ICS network and oversee any network activity to detect any security events and incidents. Night Dragon (Trojan) Target: Exxon, BP, Shell and others Impact: Collect data from SCADA system . 2011. Based on Checkpoint article -2016. Cyber attacks into modern SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) lead to vulnerabilities as International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) … According to CyberX 2019 Global ICS & IIoT Risk Report: NIST Special Publication 800–82 Guide to Industrial Control Systems (ICS) Security states that possible incidents an ICS may face include the following: Control systems can face threats from numerous sources, including hostile governments, terrorist groups, disgruntled employees, malicious intruders, accidents and natural disasters as well as malicious or accidental actions coming from insiders. A Trojan Horse was added to equipment and led to an explosion on the Trans-Siberian gas pipeline. [et_pb_section admin_label=”section”][et_pb_row admin_label=”row”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″][et_pb_text admin_label=”Text” background_layout=”light” text_orientation=”left” use_border_color=”off” border_color=”#ffffff” border_style=”solid”], By Ruchna Nigam, Security researcher at Fortinet’s FortiGuard Labs. Confirmed targeted attacks train delays. Here is an overview of some significant known attacks targeted at SCADA over the years, classified into three categories : Unconfirmed attacks The reason? Some of these executables are bots that can be commanded remotely. 40% of industrial sites have at least one direct connection to the public internet, 53% of sites have obsolete Windows systems such as Windows XP, 69% of sites have plain-text passwords traversing their ICS networks, 57% of sites aren’t running anti-virus protections that update signatures automatically, 16% of sites have at least one Wireless Access Point, 84% of industrial sites have at least one remotely accessible device. What are the impacts of these attacks? Consider using SCADA security services such as security monitoring so that any potential attacks are detected and addressed as quickly as possible, limiting the amount of damage done. Unintentional targets These systems are used in many industrial applications, like for driving turbines at power plants, oil and gas pipelines; at public facilities like metal detectors at airports; and even in private facilities e.g. SCADA networks without monitoring and detection systems in place are vulnerable to cyber-attacks and malware. SCADA systems are often found in the industrial control sectors and are generally applied to manage dispersed assets using centralised data acquisition and supervisory control. A simulated attack, named the Aurora Generator Test, took place in March 2007 by researchers investigating supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system vulnerabilities at utility companies. Originally published at eleks.com on November 29, 2018. 2011. Published on … Physical impact: Train and flight delays and flight cancellations in some cases. The attack by the Stuxnet virus against Iran in 2010 raised awareness of the vulnerability of industrial systems known as SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition). Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) is a system of software and hardware elements allowing industrial organisations to gather and monitor real-time data.