Ans: Yellow-footed green pigeon, Treron phoenicoptera. (13) Wing primaries - 10 cm Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, State bird of Manipur – complete detail – updated. Local Language/dialect - Nongin, Loining-khoi, Noiningkhoi (Manipuri), Tharikthra (Tangkhul), and Lickashila (Razai). There were moments in the mind of the Foresters and wildlife lovers of the State, that it was better to declare another important bird of Manipur as State bird of Manipur because Nongin might have been locally extinct. A list of state birds of India is given below. Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated. Biology & behaviour of the Bird:- Nongin, Mrs Hume bar-tailed pheasant (Syrmaticus humie humie) is a big forest bird of the size of domestic country chicken and a resident bird. Shirui Lily or Siroi Lily. With a serious concern and love for the rare and endangered State bird and for its detailed scientific field study, management and long term conservation strategy in-situ, a team led by Dr. Khangembam Samungou, Retd Reader D.M. Amongst the best places to sight the wildlife of Manipur is Keibul Lamjao National Park which is also famous as the Floating Lake … Non consumptive utilisation of wildlife and wilderness such as eco-tourism/wildlife tourism benefitting the local people should be encouraged in the Razai Village. But being a State bird and a flagship species of conservation value, the species was not given the much needed conservation efforts in its natural habitat. Like other northeastern states, it is largely isolated from the rest of India. 3.1K likes. Que: State Bird of Meghalaya with Scientific name? The request was readily accepted and then we mingled with villagers in the church service itself. Luckily, it happened that Mr. Ismail was the person who had trapped Nongins for the State Zoo. Kingdom - Animalia, On the way many local boys were coming out with catapults and carrying with them five to ten birds of smaller sizes but of different species and of very beautiful colour. The state bird of Manipur is Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant. (10) Upper Mandible (beak) - 3.5 cm, The male are much larger than the female. State Tree. (Sh, burmanicus) is believed to be found in Eastern Mynmar, South China, and Thailand etc. Linnaeus created the system of “binomial nomenclature,” which uses only two designations–genus and specific epithet as the species name.In the mid-1800s, scie… While settling right and claim of villagers there should be flexible and abundant resettlement package and long term support to the villagers to adopt reduction in natural resource utilisation by providing fuel efficient cooking equipment, providing piggery, poultry scheme and other alternative income generating activities from conservation plan and render abundant helping hands from other line departments or international assistances on priority basis. (1) Body length (Head to Tail) - 90 cm, State Bird ... As the term "binomial" suggests, the scientific name of a species is formed by combining two terms: the genus name and the species … - Mrs. Hume Bar-tailed Pheasant � Syrmaticus humie humie -, Nongin - The State Bird of Manipur - Pix: R.K. Birjit Singh. (6) Leg length - 22.5 cm, Size of adult male Mrs. Hume’s pheasant is between 80 to 90 cm including the tail and the length of female is between is between 50 to 60 cm including the tail. Habitat of Lilium mackliniae Manipur is one of the States of North East India which is gifted with serene beauty together with magnificent diversity of flora and fauna … Land Commission essential before 6th Sched.. 95 more positive cases found at Wangoi AC, Center losing track on Naga Peace Process, Manipur State Journalist Award #1: Gallery, Kuki Nationalism & Political Aspiration : Report. Mind, Body, Soul- Let there be imbalance! On the trail of Nongin, the State bird of Manipur Tennessee's state bird since 1933, the mockingbird is a medium-sized species with grayish-brown coloring. (16) Alula - 3cm. The earlier name of Manipur was Kangleipak or Meeteileipak. Rajai is at the much lower elevation from Shirui and a bit warmer than Shirui. Taxonomic Classification:- The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres (8,621 sq mi) and has a population of almost 3 million, including the Meitei, who are the maj… See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all state characters and seals. 5.Ngatup, the colourful tiny aquarium fishes [Scientific name: Schistura species]. The bird is beautiful with different coloured feathers like blue, red and grey. Each state and union territory has a unique set of official symbols, usually a state emblem, an animal, a bird, a flower and a tree. The weight of adult male is between 900 to 1080 g, and the weight of female is between 650 to 850 g. Mrs. Hu… After the lunch we moved in to the jungle in search of the State bird and its natural habitat. With the help of Chief of Shiroi Village Mr. Achan, we got one local Tata Sumo to take us further to Razai Khullen. In Manipur, they found in southern parts of Loktak Lack and Keibul Lamjao National Park. Young fed regurgitant. The pine forest in Razai and also in the Part of Razai to Ukhrul, are afflicted with stem borer as most of the pine trees are dying from the top as the leaves start drying from the top until the tree is completely dry. (The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species). Condemn Police delay to arrest in rape case. State Flower. Mrs. Hume’s pheasant. Manipur became part of India in 1949 and in 1956 it became a Union Territory, whereas 16 years later, Manipur became a state of India. Scientific name of Manipuri Plants and Animals. Our programs include aquaculture, diagnostics, and energy conservation. Manipur – Sangai Deer and Hume pheasant I bring a lot of information n knowlege about d of plant n animal in ds page. Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. The nongin bird prefer warmer climate. Description of State bird of Manipur. But we were unlucky and could not come across any Nongin either in the evening or in the following morning. Humes Bartailed Pheasant, locally called Nongin, is the State bird of Manipur. The Tata Sumo took us up to Shiroi Village. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated. Several southwestern groups of American Indians believed that the spirit of the roadrunner … Scientific Name : Toona sinensis. Madhya Pradesh – Barasingha and Asian Paradise Flycatcher. We came out with heavy heart from the camp area at around 12 noon after spending the windy and cold night in the temporary camp. Team members were on their different routes to capture Nongins live in their still and video cameras, as the villagers informed us that Nongins returned to their roosting place with some big sound at around sunset and they roost at the branch of pine tree at about 5 to 6 feet high. It was early winter of the year of 2010, both the then Pr.C.C.F. (Analyzed by RK Birjit Singh). Explore our research locations around the state. State Symbols of Manipur. After the awareness campaign, we were provided lunch again in the house of Mr. Ismail. The Nongins were not in the State's lone Zoo for the last thirty five years or so as if the bird had been entirely wiped out from the soil of Manipur. We reached Razai Khullen at around 8.30 PM of the same day and we were warmly welcomed by Mr. Ismail and his friends. The Latin specific name guttatus gives us an indication of the appearance of a hermit thrush – guttatus means “spotted.” The Vermont state bird, the hermit thrush, is an unassuming little bird that lives in coniferous or mixed woods across Canada, … The sports Polo originated in Manipur. (3) Body length (Head to vent) - 32 cm, Dr. S. Singsit IFS and the Chief Wildlife Warden Shri A. Kharshi-ing, IFS, of Forest Department were extremely happy with the recent addition of Nongin to the Manipur Zoological Garden brought from Razai Khullen and Shiroi Village of Ukhrul District. Class - Aves, The State Government also would surely take up comprehensive compensatory rehabilitation package for the sacrifice made by the villagers of Razai Khullen. The Khaleej Pheasant found in Manipur is a rich mixture of steely black and white and is definitely a bird to sight. The origin of European Polo game lies in Manipur. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals. They also take small percentage of Eurya nitida and Lindera nacusua. It is bounded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south and Assam to the west. The scientific name of the state bird of New Mexico is Geococcyx californianus. (12) Body girth - 30 cm These codes are universal and are periodically updated by consensus. Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources, Definition of Wildlife Sanctuary According to wildlife protection act 1972. It can be widely found in parts of Manipur and is protected by the people extensively in all parts of the state. Scientific Name - Syrmaticus humie humie, Scientific Name - Syrmaticus humie humie, Common Name - Hume's Pheasant, Hume's Bar-tailed Pheasant, Mrs Hume's Pheasant, Mrs Hume Bar-backed pheasant. Conservation Status and threat in India:- The bird is included in the Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act 1972 according a place among the species with the highest level of protection legally in India. (4) Total expanded Wing Length - 30 cm, A second animal (fish, butterfly, reptile, aquatic animal, heritage animal) sometimes appears, as do fruits and other plants, and there are some state songs and state mottos. Nene Facts. This extremely rare bird, Forest Owlet found in Melghat region of Maharashtra. Manipur Society and Culture reflects the cultural extravaganzas and social practices of the hilly state. The bird is found to the lower elevation of Shirui Village but not to the higher reach of Shirui Mountain. (7) Tarsus-13 cm, (2) The total body weight of the male nongin bird was 980 gm. * Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of (11) Neck - 8 cm, The writer is a wildlife official and can be contacted at kharibam(at)kanglaonline(dot)com. The under storey consists of Schima wallichi, Emblica officinalis, Querecus turbinatus, Qurecus serrata etc. Doon’s Day with Bats, Birds and Greens; चप्पा-चप्पा हरा करेंगे, हरियाली से धरा भरेंगे; Common Trees of India. Did you know that the national bird of the United States of America is Haliaeetus leucocephalus?Basically, Haliaeetus leucocephalus is the scientific name for Bald eagle, which is the national bird and symbol of the United States. They prefer open areas, forest habitats and the forested mountain areas at 1000 to 2500 meter elevation. Threat to the species at Ukhrul Distrct:- The major threats to the bird are hunting both by Gun or catapults, systematic trapping and habitat loss or shrinkage by different human activities such as logging, Jhuming and Annual Forest Fire. Manipur has a geographical area of 22,327 sq.kms, that constitutes 0.7 percent of the total land surface of India. Regardless of the name, this bird was adopted as the state bird of New Mexico because of its long historical association with the state. Manipur, state of India, located in the northeastern part of the country. Ambitious Indian women- myth or reality ? During winter they also consume larger proportion of fagaceae and ferns and different kind of insects etc. Phylum - Chordata, Nongin (S. humie humie) is believed to be found in the Forest of Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur of India. Brajesh Singh, Shri M. Nabin Singh both Video-cameraman with Diploma in Cinematography and myself headed for Razai Khullen of Jessami Sub-Division in a Tata Sumo on 27th November 2010. Ismail's son and his friend had to be content with a vegetarian-meal in the cold night in the jungle. Scientific Name : Syrmaticus humiae. Ans: Mrs. Hume’s pheasant Syrmaticus humiae. Distribution of Nongin:- There are two sub-species of Nongins viz (Sh humie) and (Sh burminicus). 90% of the total geographical area of the state covered by hills and the remaining area is a small valley accounting for only one-tenth of the total area of the state. They exhibit strong sexual dimorphism, the male are highly colourful whereas the female are of dull colour. Telangana State Bird Pala Pitta (Indian Roller) Scientific name : Coracias benghalensis El Diego dies just to be etched in history, Coffin of 'pre-Hinduism' era found at Malom, Sory Wahengbam - Actress Gallery :: eRang, COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. (9) Lower mandible (beak) - 3 cm, Thus we left Shiroi for Imphal at around 11 AM. In Manipur, they found in southern parts of Loktak Lack and Keibul Lamjao National Park. Mr. Asem was the driver of the Tata Sumo who was conversant with treacherous terrain and katcha road leading to Razai Khullen. Family - Phasianidae, At least five to six Nongins were handed over by the villagers of Razai Khullen and Shiroi Village to the Zoo authority through the Forest Officials of Eastern Forest Division, Ukhrul just before the celebration of 55th Wildlife Week 2010 at Manipur Zoological Garden. A list of state trees of India is given below. Habitat Type:- The habitat found in the Razai Village is of Sub-tropical Pine Forest and Sub-Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest. Ismail's son and his friend were very happy that they would get surely some kind of jungle meat for the super in the camp. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website. (2) Tail Length - 58 cm, The writer would like to thank and acknowledge Shri A. Kharshi-ing IFS PrCCF/ Govt of Manipur, Shri L. Joykumar Singh IFS DCF/ Park & Sanctuary Division and all the team members for their kind suggestion and improvement of this article. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. The nene, or Hawaiian goose (Branta sandwicensis) was designated the official state bird of Hawaii in 1957. The area is also known to be inhabited by endangered bird species like the Blyth's Tragopan and Mrs. Hume's Bar-backed Pheasant or Nongyin, Manipur's State Bird. Let difficulties know that you are too difficult.. Chiuluan village, Tamenglong #1 : Gallery, Apathy makes MPSC immune to accountability, Lung Cancer: Most common cancer worldwide, COVID patient cast vote @Wangoi : Gallery, Consequence- massive flouting of protocols, Conflict situation & investment atmosphere, Being vegetarian- hope for a brighter future, Observance of National Legal Services Day, General Manager NF Railway meet CM N Biren, Meitei Inclusivity & Arrival of Thadou Kukis #1, Children celebrates b'day by distributing PPE, Ningthoujam Raghumani in 2% Indian Scientist, IBSD Director, listed among top 2% scientist, Poster Distribution on COVID-19 : Gallery, Ramification: Manipur's Merger With India. A map of the US. From the interaction, it was clear that Nongin, the State Bird of Manipur were in plenty in Razai Khullen a few years ago. The villagers of Razai are not protecting the bird right now and Forest Department also could not enforce Wildlife Protection Act in the village right now as there is no Forest Office in the area. Agritourism, Aquaculture, & Farm Safety. About 50 species of such colourful fishes are expected to be found in the streams of the state.Its small size (hardly reaching 10 cm length) and bony … Save Our Environment. Scientific Name : Lilium mackliniae. Conclusion:- It is hoped that the people of Razai Khullen will sacrifice their age old practice of hunting wildlife, unplanned logging, jhuming etc and they will support the conservation efforts taken up by the State Forest Department to conserve Nongin, the State Bird in the Razai Area. Classification of. We are optimistic that we shall be able to conserve, increase the population of Nongin and conserve its habitat in Manipur so as to enable us to hand over the rich natural legacy to our next generation safe and sound. List of Scientific Names of Animals and Birds In 1973 Carl Linnaeus, a practical Swedish biologist classified species into two names, one is genus and other is a specific name. The conservation of Nongin habitat will ensure conservation of representative biological diversity of Razai Region with Nongin as Flagship species of conservation. The official Hawaiian state bird is Nene (Nay-Nay), or the Hawaiian goose. Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant. Manipur is known by various names like Kangleipak, Sanaleibak and Meeteileipak. It is bordered by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Assam to the west, and Mizoram to the southwest and by Myanmar (Burma) to the south and east. The rediscovery of the State bird enthused both Foresters and local Naturalists. Economic backwardness of hills of Manipur, Demise of Ksh Borish, student at IISER, Pune, Importance of early detection in breast cancer, Winter Vegetable Seeds Distribution : Gallery, Rs 1.42 lakh : assistance to 5 journalists, Solar power plants using rivers in Manipur, Sagolshem Indrakumar : Manipuri writer died, Imphal valley from Tuikhang Aimol : Gallery, Brahmacharimayum Roji: Actress #2 : eRang. So our team decided to request the church authority to allow us to disseminate awareness on the State bird and wildlife conservation in the Church itself, just after the church service. (14) Wing Secondaries - 15 cm Significance of Sacred Groves in Conservation of Biodiversity Ans: Hill myna, Gracula religiosa peninsularis. State Tree – Uningthou; State Flower – Siroi Lily; State Animal – Sangai; State Bird – Nongyeen Historical Facts about Manipur. Habit and habitat of  Nongin. State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India. The Burmese peafowls and jungle fowls are the other pheasants found in Manipur. The Pastor of the Church confided us that he himself had eaten nearly two hundred Nongin birds in his lifetime. Pouch serves … Official Louisiana State Bird: Brown Pelican American Ornithologists' Union Common Name: Brown Pelican Family: Pelecanidae, Pelicans Scientific name: Pelecanus occidentalis; Length: 48" (122 cm); Wingspan: 84" (213 cm) Diet: Fish, especially anchovies in breeding season, some prawns. Further the habitat of the birds are susceptible to different kind of uncontrolled resource utilisation such as logging, jhuming and Forest Fire during dry season for hunting etc. Asian Paradise Flycatcher is the state bird of Madhya Pradesh, Adult male has long tails with orange and white plumage. The table below lists each state and its official state bird with its scientific binomial designation and photo. (8) Upper digit - 2 cm Best viewed with IE 9.0 / FireFox 43.x / Chrome 5.0x, collected by RK Birjit Singh in his visit on 3/4/2011. The egalitarian society comprises almost … It is of Pheasant Group and mostly ground dwelling bird and does not fly very far. Conservation Strategy:- The Razai Forest should be declared as National Park under Section 35 of Wildlife Protection Act 1972 for Nongin, the State Bird of Manipur with local villagers' consent as the best conservation strategy as if Keibul Lamjao was declared National Park for conservation of the State animal, Sangai, way back in 1977. The bobwhite quail, or partridge, has been the state game bird since 1987. Imphal is the capital of Manipur. It is heavily hunted for its meat as it is of almost the size of country chicken. University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service Arkansas Horticulture of Arkansas Vines by Scientific Name Plant Database. These symbols the image of the state categorical its policy, tell concerning its wealth and virtues within the terms of Animal, Bird, Flower and Tree. Manipur is situated in the Northeast region of India. Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. Branta Sandvikensis Nene, as its scientific name is known, is widely believed Name of the state bird of Manipur is Mrs. Hume’s pheasant (Nongin). Que: State Bird of Maharashtra with Scientific name? We woke up in the morning, it was Sunday morning and the villagers were busy for attending the Church of the village. After 15 to 16 Km journey on foot we set up one temporary camp with trampoline roofing for the night in the jungle. Order - Galliforms, IUCN Conservation Status:- IUCN had classified this Bird Species as Near Threatened as on 2008, Vulnerable-2004, Vulnerable-2000, Vulnerable-1994 and Threatened-1988. Candidates we have given you a short note on State Animals of India, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India.This topic is very important for the upcoming Indian Railway Recruitment Board Exam and for your interview also. Related Article : * Kh Hitler Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express . It has many advantages such as: Classification and organisation – Entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying … (5) Carpel Joint to Primary end - 22 cm, The protocol for naming species was invented in the 1700s by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus. We were given opportunities to deliver brief lectures, interaction with villagers and distribution of wildlife posters. Mizoram State Government have revealed four symbols to be used in acceptable places and acceptable occasions to represent the state. After the awareness programme, he promised us that he will strive for conservation of the rare and endangered State bird of Manipur through his church. The credit went to Mrs. Soreiphy Vasum, IFS, the then DFO/ Ukhrul. All State Birds. It’s but obvious that all of us refer to various animals by their common names, but these names differ … Que: State Bird of Mizoram with Scientific … But we cautioned them that no animals should be killed with their barrel guns. The basic data of a freshly killed Nongin Male bird collected by RK Birjit Singh in his visit on 3/4/2011 were as follows. Local Language/dialect - Nongin, Loining-khoi, Noiningkhoi (Manipuri), Tharikthra (Tangkhul), and Lickashila (Razai). We left Razai and reached Shiroi Village at 4 PM of 29th November 2010. Early in the morning, team members were searching yet another Nongins' habitat in Shiroi Village, but here also we failed. In spite of our late arrival, the family members of Mr. Ismail took the arduous work of cooking our food and providing retiring room. Covid conspiracies- pandemic or opportunity? Mr. Ismail, his son, Mr. Asem and one local boy accompanied us. Its name reflects its capacity to mimic the calls of other species. It also borders two regions of Myanmar, Sagaing Region to the east and Chin State to the south. Ngatup (named after the coloured bars on the body) occur widely in the hill streams of Manipur. A listing of the official state birds for all fifty states in the US. It was a Union territory from 1956 and became full fledged state from 1972. Further in-depth scientific study both in wild and in captivity of the species and associated species should be initiated at the earliest for long term conservation. We halted at Shiroi for the night in the Village Chief's House. Mr AO Hume the then President of Indian National Congress had studied the bird and the bird had its name as Mrs Hume Bar-tailed pheasant in honour of Mrs AO Hume and presence of white colored bar in the tail or back of the male bird. Scientific Name : Rucervus eldii eldii. We provide you with a complete list of state-wise animals and birds of India. Environment Calendar. Mrs. Hume’s pheasant is a Schedule – I bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Near Threatened (NT) by the IUCN. this game was later adopted by the Britishers and … Gender sensitization with law may prove good.. Condemn arrest of student leader in Manipur, 'Stop the practice of locking of offices'. Toon or Toona. The plumage of male and female nene is identical. The feeding strategies of Syrmaticus humie, was selecting high quality food and followed by eating suitable plants from foraging patches. The name Manipur means “land … A large bird, it is rare and as big as 90 cm. This also may affect the roosting of the bird. Conservation History:- Nongin (Syrmaticus humie humie) was declared as State Bird along with Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii) as State Animal, Uningthou (Phoebe hainesiana) as State Tree and Shirui Lily (Lilium mackliniae) as State Flower vide Government of Manipur order No 60/5/86-For (pt) Dated 21/3/89. Common Name - Hume's Pheasant, Hume's Bar-tailed Pheasant, Mrs Hume's Pheasant, Mrs Hume Bar-backed pheasant. If the community felt otherwise the area may be declared as Community Reserve for Conservation of the diverse Flora and Fauna without changing the community ownership of the land under Section 36 C of Wildlife Protection Act 1972. College of Science and noted environmentalist, R.K. Birjit Singh, Wildlife Activist and HOD/Life Science, Mangolnganbi College, Bishnupur, Shri Kh. The rediscovery were the result of many years of awareness campaigns both by the Forest Department and wildlife lovers of the State and also with the award of Rs 50,000.00 (Rupees fifty thousand) on one live pair of Nongins declared by the State Government in the year 2010-11. The state bird of Vermont is the hermit thrush or Catharus guttatus. To grind the strong seed such as Qurecus the Nongin also ate small hard stone particle as well. Indian Constitution: A document that protects, Ramification Of Manipur's Merger With India, Working whether from office/home is important, Manipur State Journalist Award #2: Gallery, Capacity building program for Juvenile Justice, Executive Meeting, National Sports University, Possible education trajectory after COVID-19, Solution must not be undone by dissolution, Meitei Inclusivity & Arrival of Thadou Kukis #2, SRISTI-GYTI : Young Tech Innovation Awards, Toll Free Helpline for Children Counselling, Retired IPS officer recounts violent period, Understanding issues of foreign prisoners, Reiterate demand to rollback PDA decision, Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #5: Gallery. The villagers assured us to find Nongin in the March or early April when the vegetation were dry and only small pocket of forest were seen because of the annual forest fire resorted by the villagers for hunting etc. Manipur State Bird. Rucervus eldii eldii is endemic to Manipur. Apart from India's national emblem, each of its states and union territories have their own seals and symbols which include animals, birds, trees, flowers, etc. Que: State Bird of Manipur with Scientific name? Taxonomists have established several “codes” for scientific nomenclature. Emblem of Manipur Seed of Oak or Quercus species (Quercus franchetii), Ficus hispida, Ardisia crenata, Acrophorus stipellatus, Castanopsis delavayi, Daphniphyllum oldhami, Eurya ciliata, Gomphostemma microdon, Hemiphragma heterophyllum, Lithocarpus xylocarpus, Maesa argentea, Millettia longipedunculata, Smilax china, Ternstroemia gymnanthera, Athyrium guangnanense, Pseudocytopteris spinulosa are the major portion of Nongin diet. Food of Nongin:- The diet after preliminary analysis of the stomach of the death bird, found to include variety of seed and plant part like leaf and buds in different proportion in different seasons. Official State Bird of Hawaii. (15) Primary covert - 8 cm and
2020 state bird of manipur scientific name